Foreign Affairs. Geopolitics. National Security.
MENU

Policy & governance

View All
Exclusive-Afghan central bank drained dollar stockpile before Kabul fell – document

Exclusive-Afghan central bank drained dollar stockpile before Kabul fell – document

By John O'Donnell and Rupam Jain FRANKFURT/MUMBAI (Reuters) - The Afghan central bank ran down most of its U.S. dollar cash reserves in the weeks before the Taliban took control of the country, according to an assessment prepared for Af

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Remembering the Journey of the Montreal Protocol On World Ozone Day – Its Future and the Role of the Armed Forces

Remembering the Journey of the Montreal Protocol On World Ozone Day – Its Future and the Role of the Armed Forces

The International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer – September 16 – is a reminder to the international community of the need for fostering international cooperation to tackle transnational issues. After all, this day is celebrated in commemoration of the

By Dr Dhanasree Jayaram
The National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP) – Unleashing India’s Economy

The National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP) – Unleashing India’s Economy

Public assets all over the world have been recognised as a definite and easy source of revenue for governments in dire need of resources. Unlocking the potential of unused and underutilised national assets created over a few years is not a bad idea but needs to be imple

By Dr Seshadri Chari
Body Packing in International Drug Trafficking

Body Packing in International Drug Trafficking

A Nigerian, who arrived on a flight from Johannesburg via West Asia, was intercepted by the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI), on 17th August 2021, at Bangalore Kempe Gowda International Airport, which led to the recovery of 1.2 kg of Cocaine worth Rupees 11 cro

Weapon platform

View All
Airborne Early Warning & Control: Force Multiplier In The Sky

Airborne Early Warning & Control: Force Multiplier In The Sky

Netra AEW&C: Source-drdo.gov.in On 08 September, the Cabinet Committee on Security cleared a US $ 1.5 billion proposal from the Indian Air Force (IAF) to indigenously build six Airborne Early Warning & Control (AEW&C) Netra Block-2 Systems mounted on the

By Brig Arvind Dhananjayan (Retd)
New Drives to Counter China Come With a Major Risk: Throwing Fuel on The Indo-Pacific Arms Race

New Drives to Counter China Come With a Major Risk: Throwing Fuel on The Indo-Pacific Arms Race

An accelerating arms race in the Indo-Pacific is all but guaranteed now that China finds itself a target of new security arrangements — AUKUS and the Quad — aimed at containing its power and influence. This has the makings of a new great game in the region in which

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
The UNMANNED WINGMAN: A Loyal Ally in the Skies

The UNMANNED WINGMAN: A Loyal Ally in the Skies

Image Courtsey: theaustralian.com.au Hypothetical Scenario- August 2025:   A UAV takes off from Jammu Sector for a surveillance mission along the Working Boundary (WB), in response to Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR) reports of an incursion by

By Brig Arvind Dhananjayan (Retd)
MR-SAM: Boosting Efficacy of India’s Air Defence

MR-SAM: Boosting Efficacy of India’s Air Defence

India’s’ Air Defence (AD) arsenal witnessed a significant fillip with the Hon’ble Defence Minister, Shri Rajnath Singh handing over of the first deliverable Firing Unit of the Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM) to the Chief of Air Staff at Air Force Stati

By Brig Arvind Dhananjayan (Retd)

Defence & Strategy

View All
Indian Air Force – Game Changers in the Current Geo Strategic Scenario

Indian Air Force – Game Changers in the Current Geo Strategic Scenario

“The one who controls Aerospace will control the planet Earth” was well established by the 1950s. The major powers began spending greater sums on aerospace. Air offers speed, range, accuracy, and lethality for achieving military effects. Air power and future of all

By Air Marshal Anil Chopra (Retd)
Including Arthashastra and The Bhagavad Gita for Indian Military Training – Salience of India’s Strategic Roots

Including Arthashastra and The Bhagavad Gita for Indian Military Training – Salience of India’s Strategic Roots

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call for enhancing indigenisation in the national security system, not just in sourcing equipment and weapons but also in the doctrines, procedures and customs practiced in the armed forces in March this year is a reassertion of the gove

By Dr Kajari Kamal
Balochistan is Now a Geostrategic Center of Gravity in South Asia

Balochistan is Now a Geostrategic Center of Gravity in South Asia

As long as the United States maintained a presence in Afghanistan, China could not fulfill its ambition to dominate South Asia and isolate India. Now largely free of American influence in South Asia, China can apply its well-established strategic approach for global

By Dr Lawrence Sellin
It’s Not the Job of the Quad, Keeping Chinese Tankers Safe !

It’s Not the Job of the Quad, Keeping Chinese Tankers Safe !

In mature democracies, the relationship between the foreign service and the Navy is symbiotic, with each service wishing the best of health to the other. In India, the relationship started off on a bad footing, with the then Indian political thinkers having unpleasant m

By Rear Admiral K Raja Menon (Retd)
Air India – Ready For Take Off Now; Goodbye Fabian Socialism

Air India – Ready For Take Off Now; Goodbye Fabian Socialism

The sale of Air India to Tata Sons is not any ordinary privatisation. It is ‘ghar wapasi’ in more sense than one. Air India which began as Tata Airlines pioneered by the great Indian entrepreneur JRD Tata in 1932 was one of the earliest airlines in the world. Just a

By Lord Meghnad Desai
Indian Air Force – Game Changers in the Current Geo Strategic Scenario

Indian Air Force – Game Changers in the Current Geo Strategic Scenario

“The one who controls Aerospace will control the planet Earth” was well established by the 1950s. The major powers began spending greater sums on aerospace. Air offers speed, range, accuracy, and lethality for achieving military effects. Air power and future of all

By Air Marshal Anil Chopra (Retd)
Exclusive-Cash airlifts planned to bypass Taliban and help Afghans -sources

Exclusive-Cash airlifts planned to bypass Taliban and help Afghans -sources

By Robin Emmott, John O'Donnell and Jonathan Landay BRUSSELS/FRANKFURT/WASHINGTON (Reuters) - As desperate Afghans resort to selling their belongings to buy food, international officials are preparing to fly in cash for the needy while a

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
The Malabar Exercise of Quad

The Malabar Exercise of Quad

The international community today is fraught with various destabilizing factors, such as armed conflicts, unilateral claims to change the status quo, terrorism, and large-scale natural disasters. How can we solve these issues? How can we ensure a secure world for the pe

By NAKAYAMA Yasuhide
Exclusive-Afghan central bank drained dollar stockpile before Kabul fell – document

Exclusive-Afghan central bank drained dollar stockpile before Kabul fell – document

By John O'Donnell and Rupam Jain FRANKFURT/MUMBAI (Reuters) - The Afghan central bank ran down most of its U.S. dollar cash reserves in the weeks before the Taliban took control of the country, according to an assessment prepared for Af

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Japan’s ‘Shadow Shogun’ Abe Assured Clout Over Next PM Fumio Kishida

Japan’s ‘Shadow Shogun’ Abe Assured Clout Over Next PM Fumio Kishida

Japan's former premier Shinzo Abe wasn't running in this week's ruling party poll to pick the country's next leader but the victory of his one-time foreign minister, Fumio Kishida, means Abe and his conservative base are the winners, their policy clout assured. Abe's

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Tumbling Evergrande Caged Tech Giants: China Much Desperate More Dangerous

Tumbling Evergrande Caged Tech Giants: China Much Desperate More Dangerous

"War is nothing but a continuation of politics with the admixture of other means.” ― Carl von Clausewitz, On War An ancient Chinese stratagem advises military leaders: “Loot a burning house.” The trick is easy and self-explanatory — attack when your oppo

By Cdr Sandeep Dhawan (Retd)
Imran Khan Being His Vacuous, Vapid and Vituperative Self in UNGA

Imran Khan Being His Vacuous, Vapid and Vituperative Self in UNGA

As much as Imran Khan’s cult (which includes obsequious retired Pakistani generals, diplomats and ‘serving’ journalists) might like to imagine that the world comes to a stop when Taliban Khan speaks on a global platform, the fact of the matter is that other than a

By Sushant Sareen
AUKUS for Muscle Power, QUAD for Global Good

AUKUS for Muscle Power, QUAD for Global Good

A new word, “Nixon shokku” was added to the Japanese dictionaries when President Nixon made a visit to Beijing behind the back of the closest ally of the US in Asia in 1972. The surprise announcement of Aukus on the eve of the Quad summit would have qualified to be

By TP Sreenivasan
Including Arthashastra and The Bhagavad Gita for Indian Military Training – Salience of India’s Strategic Roots

Including Arthashastra and The Bhagavad Gita for Indian Military Training – Salience of India’s Strategic Roots

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call for enhancing indigenisation in the national security system, not just in sourcing equipment and weapons but also in the doctrines, procedures and customs practiced in the armed forces in March this year is a reassertion of the gove

By Dr Kajari Kamal
Balochistan is Now a Geostrategic Center of Gravity in South Asia

Balochistan is Now a Geostrategic Center of Gravity in South Asia

As long as the United States maintained a presence in Afghanistan, China could not fulfill its ambition to dominate South Asia and isolate India. Now largely free of American influence in South Asia, China can apply its well-established strategic approach for global

By Dr Lawrence Sellin
It’s Not the Job of the Quad, Keeping Chinese Tankers Safe !

It’s Not the Job of the Quad, Keeping Chinese Tankers Safe !

In mature democracies, the relationship between the foreign service and the Navy is symbiotic, with each service wishing the best of health to the other. In India, the relationship started off on a bad footing, with the then Indian political thinkers having unpleasant m

By Rear Admiral K Raja Menon (Retd)
The Second Quad Summit- Whither Indo-Pacific Order

The Second Quad Summit- Whither Indo-Pacific Order

The first-ever in-person summit of the four leaders of the Quadrilateral Framework (Quad) in the Indo-Pacific on Friday in Washington marks a critical milestone for the consultative framework since it was revived in 2017 after a decade on the side-lines of the Associati

By Commodore Abhay Kumar Singh (Retd)
The Iran Factor in Post Afghanistan Geopolitics

The Iran Factor in Post Afghanistan Geopolitics

Common belief in geopolitical circles has always considered Iran, with its Shia orientation, as being completely opposed to the Taliban because of the obscurantist Sunni ideology that the latter follows. However, Shelly Kittleson, a journalist focusing on the Middle Eas

By Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (Retd)
Impact of Taliban’s “Victory” on Global Islamist Terrorism

Impact of Taliban’s “Victory” on Global Islamist Terrorism

US led Global War on Terror has had a stifling effect on most Islamist terror groups around the world since its start in 2001. However, the chaotic and haphazard US withdrawal from Afghanistan is being seen as a change in the US policy pertaining to the Global War on Te

By Colonel Deepak Kumar
Visit of H.E. Mr. Nikola Selaković, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Serbia to India

Visit of H.E. Mr. Nikola Selaković, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Serbia to India

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Serbia, H.E. Mr. Nikola Selaković, paid an official visit to India on 19-20 September 2021, as a special envoy of the President of Serbia. During his visit, he called upon Hon’ble Vice President of India and held discussions with

Quad as Bulwark Against an Aggressive Dragon

Quad as Bulwark Against an Aggressive Dragon

There is heightened expectation as US President, Joe Biden is preparing to host the first, ‘in person’ Quad leaders’ summit, on 24th September 2021 at White House.  Besides host USA, others, Indian PM, Narendra Modi, Scott Morrison, Australian PM and Yoshihide Su

By Lt Gen K J Singh (Retd)
Lessons From Kabul Fiasco

Lessons From Kabul Fiasco

The apex leadership of the Taliban which claims control over Kabul had deferred its ceremonial declaration of the launch of its regime on the twentieth anniversary of the 9/11 terror attack on America. No one can be more naïve than the White House if it decides to cons

By Dr Seshadri Chari
India’s Options in Afghanistan

India’s Options in Afghanistan

On 26 September 2001, a small U.S. Central Intelligence Agency operatives team arrived in the Panjshir Valley in Afghanistan. As described in Gary Schroen’s book First In, this vanguard set the stage for America's war in Afghanistan. The forces of the Northern Allianc

By Lieutenant General D S Hooda (Retd)
C 295 and India’s Aircraft Production Ecosystem

C 295 and India’s Aircraft Production Ecosystem

Indian government finally cleared Rupees 21,000 crore ($3 billion) Airbus-Tata project for 56 C-295W military transport aircraft. Additional six may be acquired by the Coast Guard. The long-pending deal for replacing the old HAL license-built HS-748 (Avro) planes of IAF

By Air Marshal Anil Chopra (Retd)
China Appoints New Commander Western Theatre Command – What India Should Read Into the Move

China Appoints New Commander Western Theatre Command – What India Should Read Into the Move

From the days of Arjuna or Alexander, every side has spent time and effort to know about opposing commander/s and understanding the whys and wherefores of what drives them, what their personal traits that may spill over into their generalship are, and how they have disp

By Brigadier Sanal Kumar (Retd)
Taliban and Kashmir – Those Who Do Not Learn from History are Doomed to Repeat It

Taliban and Kashmir – Those Who Do Not Learn from History are Doomed to Repeat It

While the world stood watch, Taliban took over absolute control over Afghanistan, excepting a small part of the Panjshir area. The question that now looms large is the impact of this takeover on Afghanistan’s neighbours as well as the rest of the world. For India, its

By Mr S P Vaid
Kin Terrorism – Islamic State’s Recruitment Game Plan in India

Kin Terrorism – Islamic State’s Recruitment Game Plan in India

One of the many things Samuel Huntington spoke in his book, ‘Clash of Civilizations’ is, about how youth bulge in Muslim countries in the 21st century is somewhat directly proportional to rise of recruits for Islamist organisations and political movements. He tries

Afghanistan- No Last Word Yet

Afghanistan- No Last Word Yet

Sher Mohammed Abbas Stanikzai, the head of Taliban’s Doha office, has met our ambassador in Doha at his request. This contact was preceded by his interview with an Indian TV channel in which he spoke re-assuringly about wanting friendly ties with India, as well as Taj

Turmoil in Afghanistan and India’s Calibrated Steps

Turmoil in Afghanistan and India’s Calibrated Steps

As the dust settles on the erstwhile Kingdom of Gandhara, the attention shifts from the ongoing evacuation and the so-called American blunder, to ‘what next?’. Distant nations in the European Union and the Middle East are on guard as it falls in their circle of conc

The Afghanistan Kaleidoscope

The Afghanistan Kaleidoscope

As Afghanistan becomes more complex one is tempted to recall events in memory which caused similar confusion. None qualifies more than 9/11 when the world was really stumped; terror, lawlessness and rogue behavior seem to be all pervading and which way things would move

Operations in Kailash Range – An Year On: India’s Strategic Resolve Demonstrated

Operations in Kailash Range – An Year On: India’s Strategic Resolve Demonstrated

Operations in Kailash Range - An Year On: India’s Strategic Resolve Demonstrated Lieutenant General  Vinod Bhatia (Retd) Achieving strategic, operational and tactical surprise, India occupied the operationally important heights of the Kailash Range on the nigh

Afghanistan: Show Me The Money!

Afghanistan: Show Me The Money!

Afghanistan: Show Me The Money! Sushant Sareen Capturing Afghanistan was the easy part; running Afghanistan is the more difficult and complicated part, especially on empty. A week after having occupied Kabul and almost the entire country, the Taliban are only just

Panjshir-Valley of Hope

Panjshir-Valley of Hope

Panjshir-Valley of Hope Dr Waiel S H Awwad It was in September 2001 in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan where foreign journalists had gathered for almost a month during the war between the Taliban forces and the Northern Alliance. The ‘Lion of Panjshir’, A

Quad-ASEAN Defence Exchanges On The Rise

Quad-ASEAN Defence Exchanges On The Rise

Quad-ASEAN Defence Exchanges On The Rise Gurjit Singh The Malabar Quad exercise will take place in September of this year. For the second consecutive year all four Quad countries will participate. An Indian task force of 4 ships from the Eastern Naval Fleet are