Foreign Affairs. Geopolitics. National Security.
MENU

International Affairs

View All

Policy & governance

View All
Galwan – China Got it Wrong, Again!

Galwan – China Got it Wrong, Again!

Global Times, owned by the ‘People’s Daily’ the mouthpiece of the Chinese Communist party (CCP), tweeted on the new year “In the Galwan Valley near the border with India, under the characters “Never yield an inch of land,” PLA soldiers send new year greeting

By Lt Gen Vinod Bhatia (Retd)
India Australia Trade Relations – Future Beckons

India Australia Trade Relations – Future Beckons

Today when Covid19 seems to be waning, other realities of the present times dawn onto us. The world is undergoing a major digital revolution; we are fighting climate change and also facing a fragile international security scenario. The belligerence of China on the wo

By Mukesh Maru
The Third India-Central Asia Dialogue: Towards Greater Cooperation

The Third India-Central Asia Dialogue: Towards Greater Cooperation

Introduction The Third India-Central Asia Dialogue will take place in New Delhi on 18th-19th December, 2021. Foreign Ministers of all the five Central Asian states viz Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are visiting India at the invitatio

By Amb Ashok Sajjanhar
A Foreign Policy for the Next Decade

A Foreign Policy for the Next Decade

A report authored by eight strategic thinkers, including two former foreign secretaries and hosted on the website of the Centre of Policy Research (CPR), entitled ‘India’s Path to Power: Strategy in a World Adrift’ contains several suggestions for extensive change

By TP Sreenivasan

Weapon platform

View All
India’s New Missiles: ‘Brahmastras’ In The Quiver!

India’s New Missiles: ‘Brahmastras’ In The Quiver!

Brahmāstra (ब्रह्‍मास्‍त्र): A divine weapon, irresistible, one given (created) by Lord Brahma himself India’s ‘Brahmastras’, or its Surface to Surface Missiles (SSMs) were born out of the DRDO’s Integrated Guide Missiles Developmen

By Brig Arvind Dhananjayan (Retd)
Sound Ranging Systems: Pivotal Assets for Weapon Location

Sound Ranging Systems: Pivotal Assets for Weapon Location

In the race for advancement of military capability, it sometimes occurs that the advantages of time-tested technology are overshadowed by the inexorable push for equipment that is more readily and suitably adapted to functioning in a fluid, mobile and adverse conflict e

By Brig Arvind Dhananjayan (Retd)
Maritime Unmanned Systems: Shaping A Seamless Ocean

Maritime Unmanned Systems: Shaping A Seamless Ocean

Hypothetical Scenario-25 August 2024.    In response to continued development of military infrastructure by China in the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea (SCS), the US Navy, in consonance with its Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPS), embarks the Sea-Hunte

By Brig Arvind Dhananjayan (Retd)
Maritime Reconnaissance Platforms:  Key to Multi Domain Awareness

Maritime Reconnaissance Platforms: Key to Multi Domain Awareness

In the global scenario of ever-shrinking battlespaces, populated by regular and non-State belligerents, there is a need to equip our Armed Forces with the capability for persistent, accurate and robust Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) in all three dom

By Brig Arvind Dhananjayan (Retd)

Defence & Strategy

View All
North Korea’s ‘Hypersonic Missile’ Tests Raise Military Stakes in Asia

North Korea’s ‘Hypersonic Missile’ Tests Raise Military Stakes in Asia

Even as debates swirl over their capability, a series of “hypersonic missiles” recently tested by nuclear-armed North Korea sparked sudden talk of preemptive strikes and arms races amid worry over the vulnerability of U.S. troops and their allies in Asia. North K

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
India Needs to Deploy its Ballistic Missile Defence System

India Needs to Deploy its Ballistic Missile Defence System

The commencement of the induction of S 400 Missile system by the Indian Air Force has once again brought into public consciousness the issue of Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD). S 400 is believed to have in addition to being an anti-aircraft system, a proven capability o

By Colonel Deepak Kumar
‘93,000 POW Given For Free’ – Boundary Negotiations Need a Change

‘93,000 POW Given For Free’ – Boundary Negotiations Need a Change

Boundary negotiations are complex issues. For countries which came out of grip of Western colonialism in the 1940s, 50s and even 60s, territory and sovereignty are interlinked. Neither can exist in isolation from the other. That is why negotiations over delineation and

By Maj Gen Ashok Kumar
Complexities of Chinese “New Era” Along Indian Northern Borders

Complexities of Chinese “New Era” Along Indian Northern Borders

On 01 July 2021 President Xi clearly threatened that "no one should underestimate" the will of the Chinese people to defend their national sovereignty and territorial integrity.  A very large number of incursions lately by the Chinese military aircrafts to Taiwan's air

By Lt Gen (Dr) Rakesh Sharma
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Prime Minister of Mauritius Pravind Jugnauth jointly inaugurate the Social Housing Units Project in Mauritius

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Prime Minister of Mauritius Pravind Jugnauth jointly inaugurate the Social Housing Units Project in Mauritius

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and the Prime Minister of Mauritius, Mr. Pravind Kumar Jugnauth, today jointly inaugurated the Social Housing Units Project in Mauritius. This project has been implemented as part of the vibrant development partnership between India and

Finland not negotiating about NATO membership, foreign minister says

Finland not negotiating about NATO membership, foreign minister says

HELSINKI (Reuters) - Finland has no plans at present to join NATO, its foreign minister Pekka Haavisto said on Friday, amid heightened security tensions between Finland's giant neighbour Russia and Ukraine. "Finland does not discuss with NATO joining it, nor does Fin

North Korea’s ‘Hypersonic Missile’ Tests Raise Military Stakes in Asia

North Korea’s ‘Hypersonic Missile’ Tests Raise Military Stakes in Asia

Even as debates swirl over their capability, a series of “hypersonic missiles” recently tested by nuclear-armed North Korea sparked sudden talk of preemptive strikes and arms races amid worry over the vulnerability of U.S. troops and their allies in Asia. North K

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Destabilizing a Democracy Through Protests

Destabilizing a Democracy Through Protests

D for democracy, demonstration, and destruction - these 3 words have kept India on tenterhooks since last 3 years. Farmer’s protests saw the rise of ISI backed Khalistani terror groups, Almaty protests in Kazakhstan apparently has involvement of foreign agencies li

By Levina
In the New Year China Initiates Its Well-known Strategies

In the New Year China Initiates Its Well-known Strategies

2022 began with a couple of events occurring at the Line of Actual Control (LAC). An exchange of sweets at some of the friction points took place reportedly after a long gap; a supposedly good tension reliever with a message of goodwill which did not achieve its intent

By Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (Retd)
India’s Offensive Against China Should Be in the Grey Zone

India’s Offensive Against China Should Be in the Grey Zone

Grey zone is not a fixed concept but a hypothetical place between peace and war. Until now grey zone activities were generally restricted to psychological warfare, subversion of political systems, and covert paramilitary and information operations. China is expanding th

By Cdr Sandeep Dhawan (Retd)
Ukraine Crisis : India’s Position – ‘Take No Sides’

Ukraine Crisis : India’s Position – ‘Take No Sides’

Rising tensions in Europe around Ukraine is adding to the geopolitical complexities facing the world today. With Covid-19 still causing ravages in Europe and the US this would hardly be the time to raise the spectre of a military conflict in the transatlantic space.

By Kanwal Sibal
Crystal Gazing 2022: India and The World

Crystal Gazing 2022: India and The World

If we thought 2019 and 2020 presented uncertainties then 2022 is here to surprise all of us. It could be remembered as one of the most complex, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous years in the recent past. COVID-19, oil crossing $100/barrel, Iran-US nuclear talk

By Cdr Sandeep Dhawan (Retd)
Punjab on Pakistan’s Scanner : The International Connect With a Burning Indian Internal Security Problem

Punjab on Pakistan’s Scanner : The International Connect With a Burning Indian Internal Security Problem

I have not followed Punjab’s politics too avidly for quite some time now.  However, with even basic knowledge and experience of serving there in the heyday of militancy and terror, my current hypothesis is that the state is being systematically subjected to a form of

By Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (Retd)
When India Goes to War With China

When India Goes to War With China

It is an open secret that China challenges everything India sets its eyes on, be it cooperation with Quad partners (the United States, Australia, Japan), international organizations like United Nations, WHO, or designating a terrorist organization. India, a Quad member

By Cdr Sandeep Dhawan (Retd)
A Red Motorcycle and A Country

A Red Motorcycle and A Country

General Sam Manekshaw paced up and down his office, his furrowed brow almost touching the center of his forehead. His lean frame was ramrod straight, his gait long and striding, typical of infantrymen who spend their lifetime walking over harsh terrain. He knew that his

By Major Gaurav Arya (Retd)
In Troubled Times a Russian Call is Welcome

In Troubled Times a Russian Call is Welcome

President Putin is visiting India at a significant time although it’s a part of the Annual Indo-Russian Summit, the last of which was held in 2019. In 2020 it was given a pass due to the Coronavirus pandemic.  Reflecting back, 2019 was a different world; it is surpri

By Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (Retd)
The Russia-India-China (RIC) Dialogue – Assessing The Relevance

The Russia-India-China (RIC) Dialogue – Assessing The Relevance

The Russia-India-China (RIC) dialogue, initiated by Russia, was originally intended as a counter to America’s triumphalism and unilateralism after the collapse of the Soviet Union that included NATO’s expansion eastwards to durably corner Russia geopolitically. The

By Kanwal Sibal
Is War Between Russia and Ukraine Imminent?

Is War Between Russia and Ukraine Imminent?

Russian troop movements near Ukraine have drawn concern from Kyiv and the United States that it might be considering attacking its neighbour. Here is a look at some of the questions that raises. WHAT ARE THE TWO SIDES SAYING ABOUT THE RISK OF CONFLICT? Russia deni

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Kashmir : The Negative Spiral Returns

Kashmir : The Negative Spiral Returns

There are certain characteristics in insurgencies or terror campaigns, and the counter operations undertaken to neutralize them, especially in the Indian context. The belief emanating from my Counter Insurgency and Counter Terrorism (CI/CT) experience is that the propen

By Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (Retd)
Tackling Chinese Technological Advantage

Tackling Chinese Technological Advantage

"China has won the artificial intelligence battle with the United States and is heading towards global dominance because of its technological advances”. When the Pentagon’s former software chief Nick Chaillan made this claim, it felt as if the whole world had come c

By Cdr Sandeep Dhawan (Retd)
Delhi Declaration-Forging a Consensus on Afghanistan

Delhi Declaration-Forging a Consensus on Afghanistan

The meeting of the National Security Advisers in New Delhi on November 10 had multi-layered significance. The initiative underlined India’s national security equities in Afghanistan. These equities are undeniable given the history of the subcontinent, the reality o

By Kanwal Sibal
Battle of Rezang La

Battle of Rezang La

The annals of the Indian Army are replete with stories of bravery and uncommon valor. And then there are stories of courage so overwhelming that it is almost impossible for the human soul to even comprehend that such men walked the face of this very earth. On a freezin

By Major Gaurav Arya (Retd)
Confronting the Global Hegemon

Confronting the Global Hegemon

Global problems require global solutions is an oft quoted truism.  It is equally a fact that notwithstanding the acquisition of ever increasing economic and military power and the spread of one’s influence to countless countries the unbridled ambition of some nations

By Lt Gen Kamal Davar (Retd)
Drone Attack on Iraq’s Prime Minister Mustafa Al Khadimi Will Complicate Iraq’s Complex Politics

Drone Attack on Iraq’s Prime Minister Mustafa Al Khadimi Will Complicate Iraq’s Complex Politics

For fairly long the attention of the world has been focused on Afghanistan and the various shenanigans related to the Taliban 2.0. A presumption seemed to prevail that all was quiet in the Middle East. With the US drawing down its forward presence, relative attention an

By Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (Retd)
Decision Time Has Arrived For India

Decision Time Has Arrived For India

It was Regis Debray who wrote that "we are never contemporaneous with the present", and that the past intrudes and succeeds in diluting our understanding of the realities of the moment. This has long been witnessed in the Lutyens Zone, where policy prescriptions from a

By Prof Madhav Das Nalapat
LAC : China’s Strategic Misadventure

LAC : China’s Strategic Misadventure

China reinforcing her strategic misadventure along the India - China Line of Actual Control (LAC) passed a new ‘Land Border Law’ on 23 October 2021, effective 01 January 2022. The timing of the passing of the Law has a direct correlation with ongoing standoff betwee

By Lt Gen Vinod Bhatia (Retd)
Strike China and Save the World: Part 2 – Manufacturing Reality

Strike China and Save the World: Part 2 – Manufacturing Reality

Just imagine a video of Chinese authorities brutally assaulting and arresting Chinese citizens who have a credit rating below certain criteria, appearing on Sina Weibo. In no time this video would be viral on WeChat, DouBan, YouKu, and several other Chinese social media

By Cdr Sandeep Dhawan (Retd)
Pakistan’s Fresh Terror Push in Jammu & Kashmir – India on Alert

Pakistan’s Fresh Terror Push in Jammu & Kashmir – India on Alert

In Rawalakot of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK), when Waqar entered his village on August 23, hundreds of Jaish terror recruits welcomed him in a cavalcade with repeated firing in the air. The giant speakers arranged in the village screamed “Mubarak ho” amidst celeb

By Aditya Raj Kaul
Strike China and Save the World: Part 1 – The Timing

Strike China and Save the World: Part 1 – The Timing

Employing force to contain aggression is a well-known strategy. The timely dominance of an aggressor can save a nation from a very painful future. India has seen this first hand in the last 1000 years or so. In the recent past too, with the collapse of the Soviet Union,

By Cdr Sandeep Dhawan (Retd)
Contextualizing The Poonch Operations : Time Delay in Completion is Inevitable

Contextualizing The Poonch Operations : Time Delay in Completion is Inevitable

The recent operations against terrorist presence in the Bhata Dhurian forest area north of the Rajouri – Surankote road in the Poonch sector, began on 11 October 2021. It almost immediately led to a contact with an undetermined number of terrorists in which five brave

By Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (Retd)
ASEAN Turns the Heat on Myanmar

ASEAN Turns the Heat on Myanmar

At an emergency ASEAN Ministerial Meeting (AMM) on 15 October 2021, the ASEAN ministers took an unprecedented decision. This was to almost exclude Myanmar from the next summit proceedings. The ASEAN second summit of 2021 is scheduled for the last week of October. Tradi

By Gurjit Singh
How Long Can The Taliban 2.0 Last

How Long Can The Taliban 2.0 Last

The lightning speed with which the provincial capitals in Afghanistan, starting early August, fell in quick succession, leading the Taliban fighters to Kabul by mid August 2021, belying all predictions of various security analysts and western intelligence agencies – w

By Colonel Deepak Kumar
‘Insufficient Actions Against Terrorists’-FATF Verdict Continues to Bleed Pakistan

‘Insufficient Actions Against Terrorists’-FATF Verdict Continues to Bleed Pakistan

There were no surprises coming out of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) plenary which concluded in Paris on October 21. Pakistan had hoped that it would be taken out of the ‘jurisdictions under increased monitoring’ or the grey list, but also expected was that

By Sushant Sareen
Migrant Workers on Hit List – Silent Majority of Kashmir Needs to Speak Out

Migrant Workers on Hit List – Silent Majority of Kashmir Needs to Speak Out

Apart from the beautiful landscapes, endowed with heavenly mountains and hills, springs, mesmerizing water bodies and conflict, the valley of Kashmir is known for its hospitality across the globe.  The Kashmiri beauty always doesn't lie in Mughal gardens, but rather in

By Mudasir Dar