• 19 May, 2022
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Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (R)

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Cdr Sandeep Dhawan

Policy & governance

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A Foreign Policy Aligned With India’s Interests

A Foreign Policy Aligned With India’s Interests

India’s Foreign Policy is changing. Not towards non-alignment, as most foreign commentators have written, but towards ‘alignment’ with India’s interests …as well as common sense. On April 11, during the 4th edition of the India-US 2+2 Dialogue, External Aff

By Claude Arpi
Modi’s West Europe Tour: An Assessment

Modi’s West Europe Tour: An Assessment

Prime Minister Narendra Modi completed his whirlwind three days’ tour of three west European nations. True to his reputation, the itinerary was packed with talks with the German Chancellor, participation in the 2nd India-Nordic Summit in Denmark and, on the side lines

By JK Tripathi
China’s Latest Headache – Baloch Black Widow Strategy

China’s Latest Headache – Baloch Black Widow Strategy

In 2015, China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi had said, “If the Belt and Road Initiative [BRI] is like a symphony involving and benefiting every country, then construction of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is the sweet melody of the symphony’s first

By Levina
Complex Web of Creditors, Politics, Threatens Sri Lanka’s Restructuring

Complex Web of Creditors, Politics, Threatens Sri Lanka’s Restructuring

By Jorgelina do Rosario LONDON (Reuters) - Social unrest, political uncertainty and a complex web of creditors could scupper Sri Lanka's push for a swift overhaul of its $12 billion overseas debt, analysts warn, saying the South Asian nation is fast running out of ro

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum

Weapon platform

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What are Chemical Weapons and Are They Illegal?

What are Chemical Weapons and Are They Illegal?

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy has expressed concern that Russia could deploy chemical weapons in the war and there has been an unconfirmed report of their use in the besieged southern port of Mariupol. Chemical weapons production, use and stockpiling is ban

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Fully Integrated Soldier Systems

Fully Integrated Soldier Systems

Contemporary conflicts of the not-so-distant past mandated the dismounted Infantry soldier to don personal (protective) battlefield attire and bring to battle his small-arms and any other close-quarter (CQB) battle weaponry. The Infantry soldier was also expected to ope

By Brig Arvind Dhananjayan (Retd)
Drones In The Russia-Ukraine War

Drones In The Russia-Ukraine War

The world is now familiar with the purported video grab and statement issued by the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, claiming the destruction of a Ukrainian Ground Force (UGF) multiple launcher rocket system (MLRS) vehicle by a precision strike from a dron

By Brig Arvind Dhananjayan (Retd)
North Korea’s Missiles:  Road To Advancement Or Armageddon?

North Korea’s Missiles: Road To Advancement Or Armageddon?

16 March 2022.  North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - DPRK) caused a shudder with the alleged launch of a ballistic missile (BM) from its international airport at Sunan, leading to opinions that Kim Jong-Un was ‘courting disaster’ by using civilian

By Brig Arvind Dhananjayan (Retd)

Defence & Strategy

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The Sinking of Moskva – Challenges for Large Surface Ships

The Sinking of Moskva – Challenges for Large Surface Ships

The Russian warship cruiser Moskva, the flagship of Russia's Black Sea Fleet, sank on 14 April 2022 during the conflict in Ukraine. The ship was hit by two R-360 Neptune anti-ship missiles. Russia confirmed that a fire erupted and the ship sank. It is the largest Russia

By Air Marshal Anil Chopra (Retd)
Russia’s Ukrainian Quagmire Providing Tough Lessons for China

Russia’s Ukrainian Quagmire Providing Tough Lessons for China

By Greg Torode, Martin Quin Pollard and Yew Lun Tian HONG KONG/BEIJING (Reuters) -From countering a Western "information war" during a Taiwan conflict to using "shock and awe" to swiftly subdue the island's forces, Chinese strategists are soaking up lessons from Russ

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Nuclear Resurgence for Peace and War

Nuclear Resurgence for Peace and War

The emergence of Covid-19 and climate change as existential threats to mankind had relegated the nuclear danger to a second level threat till the Russia-Ukraine war broke out. In 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev had said that the threat of nuclear war had disappeared as Moscow a

By TP Sreenivasan
Agnipath, and the Changing Character of Army’s Rank and File!

Agnipath, and the Changing Character of Army’s Rank and File!

The writing on the wall clearly indicates that the decision to implement the ‘Tour of Duty,’ called Agnipath, in the Army has been taken and the implementation modalities are being worked out. The issue has also been extensively debated in media, and in summation th

By Lt Gen (Dr) Rakesh Sharma
A Foreign Policy Aligned With India’s Interests

A Foreign Policy Aligned With India’s Interests

India’s Foreign Policy is changing. Not towards non-alignment, as most foreign commentators have written, but towards ‘alignment’ with India’s interests …as well as common sense. On April 11, during the 4th edition of the India-US 2+2 Dialogue, External Aff

By Claude Arpi
The Sinking of Moskva – Challenges for Large Surface Ships

The Sinking of Moskva – Challenges for Large Surface Ships

The Russian warship cruiser Moskva, the flagship of Russia's Black Sea Fleet, sank on 14 April 2022 during the conflict in Ukraine. The ship was hit by two R-360 Neptune anti-ship missiles. Russia confirmed that a fire erupted and the ship sank. It is the largest Russia

By Air Marshal Anil Chopra (Retd)
India’s Transformational Diplomatic Leap into Europe

India’s Transformational Diplomatic Leap into Europe

I cannot recall India’s relations with Europe, as a whole, ever being anything more than transactional. Despite the Indian public’s fascination for Europe and the US, it’s only the latter who could develop a deeper relationship with India, now progressing on the s

By Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (Retd)
Modi’s West Europe Tour: An Assessment

Modi’s West Europe Tour: An Assessment

Prime Minister Narendra Modi completed his whirlwind three days’ tour of three west European nations. True to his reputation, the itinerary was packed with talks with the German Chancellor, participation in the 2nd India-Nordic Summit in Denmark and, on the side lines

By JK Tripathi
Overcoming Fear, the Kashmiri Way

Overcoming Fear, the Kashmiri Way

Despite all the turbulences over the last few decades, Kashmiris never forget to welcome their guests who travel here from every nook and corner of the world. Known for its unique hospitality, Kashmir during the recent times has emerged into a new conundrum, courtesy ki

By Mudasir Dar
Is Pakistan Losing its Footing in Afghanistan?

Is Pakistan Losing its Footing in Afghanistan?

Pakistan and Afghanistan’s relationship has been hitting stalemates in recent times, this comes at the junction of ramped-up attacks across the Durand Line on both sides. Ever since the fall of Kabul in August 2021, Pakistan has witnessed an increased number of attack

By Siddhant Kishore
Russia’s Ukrainian Quagmire Providing Tough Lessons for China

Russia’s Ukrainian Quagmire Providing Tough Lessons for China

By Greg Torode, Martin Quin Pollard and Yew Lun Tian HONG KONG/BEIJING (Reuters) -From countering a Western "information war" during a Taiwan conflict to using "shock and awe" to swiftly subdue the island's forces, Chinese strategists are soaking up lessons from Russ

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
China’s Latest Headache – Baloch Black Widow Strategy

China’s Latest Headache – Baloch Black Widow Strategy

In 2015, China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi had said, “If the Belt and Road Initiative [BRI] is like a symphony involving and benefiting every country, then construction of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is the sweet melody of the symphony’s first

By Levina
How Russia-Ukraine Copied Finland War Without Lessons

How Russia-Ukraine Copied Finland War Without Lessons

Finland is a unique country with a distinct language and culture. However, its possession was always contested between Sweden and Russia. Though Finland mainly remained under Swedish control in 1809, it was annexed by Russia. Using the end of World War I and the Bolshev

By Cdr Sandeep Dhawan (Retd)
Complex Web of Creditors, Politics, Threatens Sri Lanka’s Restructuring

Complex Web of Creditors, Politics, Threatens Sri Lanka’s Restructuring

By Jorgelina do Rosario LONDON (Reuters) - Social unrest, political uncertainty and a complex web of creditors could scupper Sri Lanka's push for a swift overhaul of its $12 billion overseas debt, analysts warn, saying the South Asian nation is fast running out of ro

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Solomon Islands Pact with China Impacts Australian Elections

Solomon Islands Pact with China Impacts Australian Elections

By Kirsty Needham SYDNEY (Reuters) - For the first time in decades, the actions of a foreign state have taken centre stage in an Australian election campaign, analysts said, as China's security pact with the Solomon Islands reverberates into neighbour Australia's dom

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Nuclear Resurgence for Peace and War

Nuclear Resurgence for Peace and War

The emergence of Covid-19 and climate change as existential threats to mankind had relegated the nuclear danger to a second level threat till the Russia-Ukraine war broke out. In 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev had said that the threat of nuclear war had disappeared as Moscow a

By TP Sreenivasan
Book Review – ‘On the Cusp of a Holocaust : The Talibanization of Kerala’

Book Review – ‘On the Cusp of a Holocaust : The Talibanization of Kerala’

Dr B S Harishankar, author, historian, archaeologist and member of the academic council of the Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, Shimla, has written a brief monograph that makes for compelling reading. The book, published by the Bharatiya Vichara Kendram, Trivandrum

By Rajeev Srinivasan
Living with Geopolitical Unpredictability : India’s Current Strategic Challenges

Living with Geopolitical Unpredictability : India’s Current Strategic Challenges

The last two years have seen geopolitical turbulence of higher intensity than what one can remember any time in the recent past. Perhaps the period 1989-91 was comparable, as the Cold War order was then imploding and the Soviet Union was giving way to the formation of 1

By Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (Retd)
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles – Can India be the Manufacturing Hub

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles – Can India be the Manufacturing Hub

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) began making unmanned aerial system (UAS) with the Fluffy target drone in 1970s, which was replaced by the reusable, subsonic, pilotless target aircraft Lakshya that first flew in 1985. Around 30 were produced and ope

By Air Marshal Anil Chopra (Retd)
Xi Jinping Sticks with COVID Stance Despite Anger, Economic Headwinds

Xi Jinping Sticks with COVID Stance Despite Anger, Economic Headwinds

By Yew Lun Tian and Tony Munroe BEIJING (Reuters) - For many leaders, mounting public anger and a rapidly worsening economic outlook would be cause for worry and a policy rethink. But Chinese President Xi Jinping, who doubtless would prefer smoother sailing in the

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Lessons from a Conference Hundred Years Back

Lessons from a Conference Hundred Years Back

This year marks the centenary of the Washington Naval Conference which was held in the capital of the United States from November 1921 to February 1922. This Conference, well known at that time as a major disarmament measure, is rarely studied in India. It is quite unde

By G S Iyer
Perceptions in India-Nepal-China Relations

Perceptions in India-Nepal-China Relations

Nepal is sandwiched between the two giant economic and politically powerful nations – India and China. Perceptions play a more decisive role than the reality of Nepal’s ties with India and that of its relationship with China. Scouring through recent literature fr

By Debnath Shaw
India-USA: 2+2 Could be 5

India-USA: 2+2 Could be 5

Indian diplomacy during the Russia-Ukraine crisis has been on a high drive. Recently, she has also been a favorite destination (virtual or physical) for dozens of dignitaries including Prime Ministers of Australia and Japan, special envoys and foreign ministers especial

By Anil Trigunayat
Ukraine: One Chessboard, One Master

Ukraine: One Chessboard, One Master

As the war in Ukraine inches towards the seventh week, there is a weariness among the warring nations; unconcerned people across the globe are clapping at the sight of missile attacks, as if it is a video game. Ukrainian mothers are counting their fallen sons and daught

By Cdr Sandeep Dhawan (Retd)
Mariupol : Ruins of Port Could Become Russia’s First Big Prize in Ukraine

Mariupol : Ruins of Port Could Become Russia’s First Big Prize in Ukraine

By Pavel Polityuk and Natalia Zinets (Reuters) - The Sea of Azov port of Mariupol, reduced to a wasteland by seven weeks of siege and bombardment that Ukraine says killed tens of thousands of civilians, could become the first big city captured by Russia since its inv

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Even With Sanctions, Russia Can Afford to Feed its War Machine

Even With Sanctions, Russia Can Afford to Feed its War Machine

By Mark Trevelyan and Jacob Gronholt-Pedersen LONDON (Reuters) - Russia can afford to wage a long war in Ukraine despite being hammered by Western sanctions aimed at crippling its ability to sustain the campaign, defence experts and economists say. Russia's invasi

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Western Powers are Funding the War on Ukraine

Western Powers are Funding the War on Ukraine

The debate on imposing the ‘‘Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act’’ on India is at an all-time high in the United States as India decides to maintain neutrality on the ongoing Russia-Ukraine crisis and imports 13 million barrels of oil from the

By Ritwij Shandilya
Air Power in Ukraine Conflict

Air Power in Ukraine Conflict

The global attention continues to be focused on the conflict between the two largest nations of Europe, Russia and Ukraine. The war began with contest of influence over Ukraine. The Western powers were trying to bring Ukraine into European Union (EU) and NATO fold. It w

By Air Marshal Anil Chopra (Retd)
India is Only Aligned to its National Interest

India is Only Aligned to its National Interest

Our abstentions in the UN on various resolutions on the Ukraine conflict have exposed us to political attacks in the West. We are expected to join it in condemning Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Our resistance to do so is being decried by opinion making circles in US a

By Kanwal Sibal
The Chinese in New Delhi: Indicators of an Altering World Order

The Chinese in New Delhi: Indicators of an Altering World Order

China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi visited New Delhi on 24 March 2022, against the run of geopolitical play, adopting a visit format generally frowned upon by India. He decided to fly in after spending some time in Pakistan and came via the Kabul route, thus ostensibly

By Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (Retd)
Russia’s ‘Defensive’ Use of Nuclear Weapons Policy

Russia’s ‘Defensive’ Use of Nuclear Weapons Policy

Even before the Russian military machine entered Ukrainian territory on February 24, the potential threat of escalation to a nuclear conflict had been raised. In the days before the invasion, Russia conducted a large-scale exercise involving simulated long-range convent

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Japan Decides To Keep Russian Gas

Japan Decides To Keep Russian Gas

By Yoshifumi Takemoto, Yuka Obayashi and Ritsuko Shimizu TOKYO (Reuters) - Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida's announcement on Thursday that he would not abandon a massive Russian gas project was decided weeks ago when he told top officials in private he wouldn't

By Reuters and Chanakya Forum
Sardar KM Panikkar : A Maritime Visionary

Sardar KM Panikkar : A Maritime Visionary

A great historian, statesman, educationist, diplomat, journalist and bilingual writer, Kavalam Madhava Panikkar (1895-1963) has been consigned to history as having given the wrong advice to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on China during the negotiations on the 1954 Agr

By TP Sreenivasan
Who Is Rocking Imran Khan’s Boat?

Who Is Rocking Imran Khan’s Boat?

Almost two years ago, I had written the highly successful but controversial article — “Is Pakistan Heading For Another Dictatorship.” Many people, including Pakistanis, objected to the articles’ findings, stating that in modern-day Pakistan, there is no place fo

By Cdr Sandeep Dhawan (Retd)

The General’s Desk
Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain (R)

Cockpit Conversation
Cdr Sandeep Dhawan